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中华第一祠-泾县桃花潭

2015-8-1 19:35| 发布者: 翟凯报| 查看: 2507| 评论: 74

摘要: 中华第一祠发布时间:2014年10月14日 9时24分中华第一祠中华第一祠——翟氏宗祠位于泾县桃花潭东北,建于明嘉靖年间,坐北朝南,五楹三进,仿皇家祠堂兴建,规模宏大,建筑面积约3524平方米(含偏房,总建筑面积6700 ...

        中华第一祠——翟氏宗祠位于泾县桃花潭东北,建于明嘉靖年间,坐北朝南,五楹三进,仿皇家祠堂兴建,规模宏大,建筑面积约3524平方米(含偏房,总建筑面积6700平方米)。祠前有石柱、抱鼓石和石狮,祠内有前厅、天井、享堂和寝楼。地基为花岗石铺成,建筑采用银杏木、红木、桶木等名贵木材,上下木石结构件均有精美的雕刻。祠中曾藏有历代帝王将相、地方官吏所赐名匾108块,宗祠左右有10多间偏房供议事、看管使用。大门上有江南名族横匾,享堂中悬忠孝堂三字红底金字木匾。过年祭祖时,祠内可摆108桌酒席,声势显赫。

       传说,1607年,翟氏家族出了一名叫翟国儒的文武状元,被明万历皇帝封为镇抚大将军,翟大将军奉命在云南平定叛乱,平叛结束凯旋而归时,被奸臣害死。为了表彰他的忠诚和对国家的贡献,万历皇帝特赐忠孝堂匾一块,此事轰动江南。后许多地方纷纷仿建翟氏宗祠,但没有一个祠堂的规模能与翟氏宗祠相比。

       翟氏宗祠在兴建过程中留有许多动人的故事。传说,祠堂在建造过程中不知怎的大梁老架不起来,当时来了一位乞丐老头,向工匠们讨饭,大家不给还要赶他走,有一小工匠见老头可怜,偷偷给了一点吃的。老头见小工匠心地善良,将来必定有大出息,于是给了他一把斧头,并告诉小工匠,将来遇到难事东敲三下西敲三下,难事就会迎刃而解。大梁老架不起

来,小工匠急了就想试一试,可他师傅说:我架不起来你还能行?小工匠坚持要试,师傅只好由着他。小工匠把榫头对准一头按乞丐老头说的东敲了三下,这边对上了,然后把榫头对准另一头西敲了三下,那边同样也对了起来,就这样大梁终于架上了。你说那乞丐老头是谁?原来是鲁班再现。

        1997年,国家文物局副局长罗哲文先生来泾县考察时,赞叹翟氏宗祠为中华第一祠,并欣然题写了匾额。翟氏宗祠曾多次被中央及省级电视台播放,安徽省人民政府于19985月将其公布为省级文物保护单位。

       轩辕黄帝姓公孙,轩辕氏,字在翟语中(阿尔泰语系)意思是兽皮,姬姓是后人白翟人周王室加上去的。轩辕黄帝的元妃鬼方氏嫫母姓隗(不要说西陵氏嫘祖是轩辕黄帝的老婆,嫘祖比轩辕大90岁),他们的长子叫苍林,苍林生始均,始均生北狄。四千多年前轩辕黄帝是翟族(黄帝族)首领,入主中原与姜族(炎帝族)形成华夏族。黄帝陵位于黄帝故土,当年翟族人居住的地方,古称翟道县,今日叫黄陵县。轩辕黄帝的孙子始均在老家北翟建立翟国。


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